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Setting Types

The Setting Type refers to the metal base that holds a stone in place. Each setting style is created to enhance both the beauty of the stones and the appearance of a jewelry piece. The below descriptions should help you select the perfect setting type for your needs.

Prong
The Prong setting is one of the most popular classic setting types. The setting has small metal prongs that are bent over the girdle of the gemstone or diamond. Many prefer this setting type for their engagement ring, stud earrings or tennis bracelet as it allows for the greatest exposure of the diamond and minimizes the appearance of the metal. This highlights the diamonds and will also allow more light to pass through the diamond, which affects the brilliance of the jewelry.
For more prong styles/counts click here.




Channel
A Channel setting refers to a type of stone setting often used in mounting a number of small stones of uniform size in a row. Instead of each stone being held by an individual set of prongs, the stones are fitted into the channel and held into place on each side by a continuous strip of metal. This is a popular setting type for diamond rings and tennis bracelets.



Bezel
A Bezel setting is when a diamond is completely surrounded by metal. Primarily known for its clean appearance and sturdiness, this setting style encases the outer edge of the diamond in a fine frame of metal.  When set in platinum or white gold, it can make the diamonds appear larger.  The bezel setting is often used with round shaped diamonds, but also works well with other diamond shapes.



Half-Bezel
A semi-Bezel setting or Half Bezel setting is when the diamond is only partially surrounded by the metal setting. This setting type is popular with diamond bands and tennis bracelets.



Pave
The pave setting allows light to reflect off the many facets of a diamond because it uses numerous small diamonds set with tiny prongs that create a continuous surface of radiance and shimmer. This setting type is preferred for engagement rings and earrings.



Common Shared Prong
A Common Shared Prong setting is a variation of the traditional prong setting in which the prongs are wrapped around the crown of more than one stone. This type of setting minimizes the appearance and presence of metal, and allows additional light to pass through a diamond or gemstone.



Tension Setting
A tension setting refers to a diamond ring setting where the diamond is held in place by pressure rather than with prongs, under a channel, or a bezel setting. The gold or platinum setting is actually spring-loaded to exert pressure onto the diamond, and tiny etchings/grooves are added to the gold or platinum in order to create a shelf structure for the diamond's edges to rest. The diamond appears to 'float' or be suspended in the air with nothing holding it in place. It is a secure setting type for a diamond engagement ring or wedding ring.



Bright –Cut
A metal engraving technique created by chiseling the metal with a polished tool creating a highly reflective surface.



Bridge Accent
A design element located beneath the center stone than can be seen when looking at the ring in the through finger view.



Illusion
A setting technique patented by Van Cleef & Arpels in 1933 in which a diamond is placed in a collet of reflective, highly polished metal so that it appears to be part fo the gemstone in order to enhance the perceived size of the diamond.



Gypsy/Flush
A setting technique in which the gemstone is embedded within the band and the metal from the band is used to secure the gemstone, leaving only the top of the gem visible.



Fishtail
A setting technique consisting of four prominent triangular corners cut from the existing shank that hold the gemstone in place. When viewed from the finger view it looks like the tail of a fish.



Scallop
A technique for setting gemstones in which the prongs are created from the shank. Fishtail is one example of a scalloped setting.



Trellis
A structure of open latticework especially used as a gallery support for gemstones.



Bar
A setting technique where the gemstone is secured between two parallel bars, while the sides of the gem remain open.